Document Type : Review Article
Universitas IndonesiaMaster Program of Biology, Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
Human Reproduction, Infertility and Family Planning Research Center, Indonesian Medical Education and Research Institute, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia
Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia
Yasmin IVF Clinic, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms in Biological System (CEMBIOS) Research Group, Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
Embryo selection for in vitro fertilization (IVF) is an effort to increase the success rate of embryo implantation. Factors influencing the success of embryo implantation include embryo quality, endometrial receptivity, embryo characteristics, and maternal interactions. Some molecules have been found to influence these factors, but their regulatory mechanisms are unclear. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are reported to play an essential role in the embryo implantation process. miRNAs are small non-coding RNAs consisting of only 20 nucleotides that play an essential role in the stability of gene expression regulation. Previous studies have reported that miRNAs have many roles and are released by cells into the extracellular environment for intracellular communication. In addition, miRNAs can provide information related to physiological and pathological conditions. These findings encourage research development in determining the quality of embryos in IVF to increase the implantation success rate. Moreover, miRNAs can provide an overview of embryo-maternal communication and potentially be noninvasive biological markers of embryo quality, which could increase assessment accuracy while reducing mechanical damage to the embryo itself. This review article summarizes the involvement of extracellular miRNAs and the potential applications of miRNAs in IVF.