Document Type : Case Report
Department of Genetics, Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
Department of Andrology, Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
Ring chromosomes are the result of breakage and re-union of distal ends of chromosomal arms. They have a general
frequency of 1 in 50,000 and 1 in 58,000 for chromosome 13. Ring chromosome 13 is usually presented as a syndromic
situation stigmatized by particular features, including developmental delay, mental retardation and CNS, skeletal
or organ anomalies. As an experimental study, here we report a 31 years old male with no major phenotypic manifestation
who was evaluated for azoospermia, while his karyotype revealed presence of a mosaic ring chromosome 13. He
had a history of bilateral varicocelectomy and no other major finding in his routine infertility work up was determined.
Genetic counseling did not provide any clue for mental disability or dysmorphic features. Pathology examination of
the testicular tissue revealed very scarce number of spermatid/spermatozoa within the tubules in conjunction with
degrees of maturation arrest mostly in spermatocyte stage. In our knowledge, this is the first report of a ring chromosome
13, manifested by an isolated male infertility.