Uterine Leiomyoma: Hysterosalpingographic Appearances

Document Type : Pictorial Review


Reproductive Imaging Division, Endocrinology & Female Infertility Department, Reproductive Medicine Research Center, Royan Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Iran


Uterine leiomyoma is the most common benign tumor of genital tract. The etiology of myomas is unknown. Leiomyoma shows a broad spectrum of radiographic appearances depending on the number, size, and location of the tumor. The diagnostic method for uterine leiomyomas is based primarily on the clinical situation. Despite of the varied diagnostic options such as; transvaginal sonography, sonohysterography, hysteroscopy, laparoscopy and MRI; hysterosalpingography is still one of the valuable imaging methods for identification of uterine leiomyoma. The various features of the proved leiomyoma are illustrated in this pictorial review. The incidence, risk factors and clinical features will also be discussed briefly.