Macrophages and natural killer cells characteristics in variously colored endometriotic lesions

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility Division, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

2 Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

3 Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

4 Chulabhorn International College of Medicine, Thammasat University, Pathumthani 12121, Thailand

5 Office of Research Academic and Innovation, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University.

6 Department of Pathology, Faculty of medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol university

7 Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

8 Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility Unit, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

10.22074/ijfs.2021.527520.1104

Abstract

Background: Dysregulation of the immune response contribute a significant role of endometriosis. This research examined macrophages and natural killer (NK) cells numbers in endometriotic lesions and their association with the different lesion colors: red, black, and white.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional analytic study was conducted. Women suspected endometriosis requiring laparoscopic surgery between July 2016 and January 2017 were recruited. Their lesions were classified as either red, black, or white and excised by standard laparoscopic surgery. Twenty-four endometriotic lesions from each color group were obtained from 45 women who met the inclusion criteria. One type of lesion was collected from 25 women. Two different lesion types and three-color lesion types were collected from the same women in 13 and 7 subjects, respectively. Immunohistochemistry staining with anti-human mouse cluster of differentiation (CD) 68 monoclonal antibody for macrophages and mouse anti-human CD56 monoclonal antibody for NK cells was processed.
Results: The number of CD68 macrophages in red lesions was higher than in black and white lesions [median (25th-75th percentile); 10 (5-19.4), 0 (0-6.9), 0 (0-2.5) cells per mm2, respectively, adjusted p = 0.001 for red vs. black lesions and red vs. white lesions, and adjusted p =1.000 for black and white lesions]. The number of CD56 NK cells was not significantly different among red, black, and white lesions [median (25th-75th percentile; 5 (2-16.5), 3.8 (0-14.4), 1.3 (0-6.9) respectively, adjusted p = 1.000 for red vs. black lesions and black vs. white lesions, and adjusted p = 0.617 for red vs. white lesions].
Conclusions: The dynamic changes in the immune cells in ectopic endometrium were specific to the macrophages but not to the NK cells, as demonstrated by the highest number of CD68 macrophages in red lesion, the earliest established ectopic endometrium. NK cells in endometriosis may have a role in the uterus.

Keywords

Main Subjects