Endometriosis Classification and The Role of Tumor Necrosis
Factor-Alpha Polymorphisms as A Therapeutic Target
In the recent original research published on International Journal of Fertility and Sterility the association between tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) genetic polymorphisms and endometriosis in 150 Iranian patients suffered this disease. The authors notably found a lower frequency of TNF-α -863C/A allele A among the affected patients in comparison with healthy women, although this difference was not significant by adjusting multiple testing. We deem that the authors should specify, if these patients had peritoneal nodules, ovarian endometrioma/deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) nodules or combination of them, since it has been hypothesized that these phenotypes may represent three distinct pathogenetic entities of endometriosis.