Past Issue

Volume 14, Number 1, Apr-Jun 2020 Pages: 10-16

Effect of Mindfulness-Based Group Counseling on Depression in Infertile Women: Randomized Clinical Trial Study


Fatemeh Kalhori, M.Sc, 1, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Ph.D, 2, *, Farshid Shamsaei, Ph.D, 3, Younes Mohammadi, Ph.D, 4, Mahnaz Yavangi, M.D, 5,
Consultation in Midwifery, Department of Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Mother and Child Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Mother and Child Care Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Modeling of Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Endometrium and Endometriosis Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
*Corresponding Address: P.O.Box 6517838698 Mother and Child Care Research Center School of Nursing and Midwifery Hamadan University of Medical Sciences Hamadan Iran Email:zahramid2001@gmail.com

Abstract

Background

Assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) can lead to depressive symptoms in infertile women due to their low success and high costs. Mindfulness-based group counseling can decrease depressive symptoms by increasing mental concentration. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of mindfulness-based group counseling on depression in infertile women undergoing IVF.

Materials and Methods

The present clinical trial included 90 infertile women undergoing IVF treatment in an infertility center in 2016. Women were divided into two groups, intervention and control. Both groups completed a demographic questionnaire and the Beck depression inventory (BDI). Eight 90-minute sessions (two each week) of mindfulness-based group counseling were held with the intervention group, while the control group received treatment as normal. Following the intervention, the BDI was again completed by both groups. The data were analyzed and independent t tests and, paired t tests conducted at a significance level of P<0.05.

Results

No statistically significant demographic differences were observed between the two groups. Women in the control group had a somewhat lower depressive symptom score than the intervention group before the intervention. However, compared with before, the depressive symptom score among women in the intervention group decreased significantly (48%) (P<0.001) after the intervention. In contrast, the depressive symptom score in control women was higher after the intervention than before.

Conclusion

According to the findings of the present research, mindfulness-based group counseling is able to reduce depressive symptoms in infertile women under IVF treatment. Therefore, group counseling sessions are suggested for all depressed women undergoing infertility treatment (Registration number: IRCT2015082013405N14).