Diagnostic Accuracy of Body Mass Index and Fasting
Glucose for The Prediction of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
after Assisted Reproductive Technology
The aim of the present study was to determine the maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), first-trimester fasting blood sugar (FBS), and the combination of (BMI+FBS) cut-points for at-risk pregnant women conceived by assisted reproductive technology (ART) to better predict the risk of developing gestational diabetes mel- litus (GDM) in infertile women.
Materials and Methods
In this nested case-control study, 270 singleton pregnant women consisted of 135 (GDM) and 135 (non-GDM) who conceived using ART were assessed. The diagnosis of GDM was confirmed by a one-step glucose tolerance test (O-GTT) using 75 g oral glucose. BMI was classified base on World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. The relationship between BMI, FBS, and BMI+FBS with the risk of GDM development was deter- mined by logistic regression and adjusted for confounding factors. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to assess the value of BMI, FBS, and BMI+FBS for the prediction of GDM.
The GDM group had significantly higher age, BMI, family history of diabetes, and history of polycystic ovary syn- drome in comparison with the non-GDM group (P<0.05). Overweight and obese women had 3.27, and 5.14 folds increase in the odds of developing GDM, respectively. There was a 17% increase in the risk of developing GDM with each 1 mg/dl increase in fasting glucose level. The cut points for FBS 84.5 mg/dl (72.9% sensitivity, 74.4% specificity), BMI 25.4 kg/m2 (68.9% sensitivity, 62.8% specificity), and BMI+FBS 111.2 (70.7% sensitivity, 80.6% specificity) was determined.
The early screening and high-quality prenatal care should be recommended upon the co-occurrence of high FBS (≥84.5 mg/dl) in the first-trimester of the pregnancy and the BMI (≥25.4 kg/m2) in pre-pregnancy period in women undergone ART. The combination of BMI and FBS is considered a better prediction value.